Sharks are known as exceptional marine predators that can smell a drop of blood from several miles away. It make it a dangerous predator for humans, so, how to avoid shark attacks? They have a reputation as killers who attack anything that moves in the water. But this vision is a bit wrong and stems from a popular belief based on many film and literary entertainment. 

The reality is of a different order. It is a proven fact that sharks regulate the marine population and maintain the aquatic balance. Each species plays an important role in the ocean. For example: 

Phytoplankton absorb CO2 and produce oxygen. Through this intermediary, the oceans 🌊 absorb about 30% of the CO2 and produce between 50 and 75% of the planet's oxygen.

With this in mind, you should know that phytoplankton is eaten by zooplankton and other small fish that are themselves eaten by larger fish that are also eaten by sharks. However, if the sharks disappear, the balance of the oceans will be threatened, the smaller fish will eat more zooplankton and phytoplankton which will affect our oxygen. The level of CO2 in the atmosphere will increase, even more so.

It's true, sharks sometimes attack humans🏄. But, these attacks are not intended to feed the shark. This can be due to several reasons: an error (confusion of prey), or the protection of their environment.

Shark attack surfing

Statistically, each year, provoked shark attacks remain fairly low. There are 80 attacks, including about 6 deaths. In concrete terms, there is a greater chance of dying by car or insect bite than by a shark, especially in view of the millions of people who swim at sea every year. Although the real reasons for his attacks remain uncertain.

Here is a list of tips that will help you minimize the risk of being attacked by a shark.

10 TIPS to avoid being attacked by a shark

As you've read previously, there's little chance you'll get bitten by a shark. Nevertheless, to maximize your chances of avoiding being attacked, here are a few tips that will help you, especially if you frequent the waters of the east coast of the United States, Australia or the coast of Africa: 

  1. Strength in numbers:
    prefer swimming in groups, 🏊‍♂️ as sharks often attack isolated prey.
  2. stay close to the sides and within sight so that you can be rescued if you get caught by a great white for example.
  3. Avoid midnight swims, 🌙 some sharks are more active at night than during the day and their sense of smell gives them a strong advantage to take action stealthily and quickly.
  4. This is obvious but knowing that the shark can smell a drop of blood at  several miles it is better to avoid entering the water wounded even very slightly.
  5. Don't wear shiny objects - sharks can mistake them for fish scales.
  6. Don't get mixed up with baitfish. 🐟 In the worn out waters there are baitfish that attract sharks.
  7. Do not dive in waters where sharks are already present as they may want to protect their area by attacking you.
  8. Avoid certain clothes such as those in bright, contrasting colors. Sharks are good at visualizing contrasts. Also, the color yellow tends to excite them.
  9. It is possible that in an area where there are porpoises 🐬 there are sharks so be careful because they both feed on the same prey, stay alert and stay away.
  10. It makes sense but don't pet a shark 🦈 if you see one. Depending on the species the shark can be aggressive.

According to the floridamuseum there are two types:

1/ Shark attacks provoked

This happens mainly when sharks are caught in fishing nets when they are unhooked. However, there have been numerous sightings of attacks in which the victims have been divers attempting to feed or stroke a shark.

2/ Shark attacks unprovoked

There's three guys whose first attack is a shark.

1/ The attack not seen not taken
Usually near the beach, the shark is looking for food. The current is strong and the water is murky, the shark does not clearly distinguish its prey and confuses the movements of swimmers with those of the fish they hunt. The shark attacks 🦈 what it thinks is a fish, it bites, but realizing that it is not the prey it wants, it drops it and leaves the area. The injuries, mainly to the legs, are rarely fatal and are mostly minor.

2/ Ninja attacks
you should know that sharks have a habit of attacking their prey from behind or from below. Thus, when a diver ventures into deep water, the shark attacks stealthily and can cause serious injury or worse, death.

3/ The relentless attacks
In the depths, the shark may have attacked the diver several times, causing him very serious injuries. Some sharks are more offensive than others...

The 3 most dangerous sharks

Dangerous sharks

According to an ISAF (International Shark Attack File) study, the most deadly sharks (far behind serial killers and bees) are:

  1. Great white shark between 2010 and 2019 Nearly 14 fatal attacks
  2. Tiger shark between 2010 and 2019 Nearly 8 fatal attacks
  3. Bulldog shark between 2010 and 2019 Nearly 2 fatal attacks

Attacked Sharks

All of this is obviously to be put into perspective because despite the deaths that can be caused by sharks, this remains a very small proportion if we take into account the number of millions of people who bathe each year.

In addition, it should not be forgotten that humans kill millions of sharks every year for the consumption of their flesh, fins, oil, and sport fishing. Of course, it's not a question of keeping an account of the dead, but we have to take into account that sharks and men don't play in the same yard.

Indeed, despite all the exceptional characteristics of sharks, their hearing, sight, detection to water variation and others. In spite of this, sharks are very sensitive to the hook. as a result, their fishery is overexploited and some species are seriously threatened. as reported for several years by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)🆘

The truth is that despite its rare attacks, sharks are an important part of the balance of the ocean and must be protected. The United Nations, the UN, and other bodies have taken action to manage the fishing of these fish. Even more concretely, some governments are protecting shark species, such as the basking shark. There's still a long way to go.

In any case, the deconfinement being pronounced, we hope that these few tips on how to avoid shark attacks will be very useful and will allow you to enjoy the beach 🏖️ to the fullest.